THE GREAT TRAIN ROBBER ESCAPES FROM PRISON

57 years ago today, Charlie Wilson, part of the gang who pulled off the 1963 Great Train Robbery, one of the biggest heists of its kind, escapes from Winson Green Prison in Birmingham, England, in under three minutes.

BUGSY GOT MURDERED

74 years ago today, Bugsy Siegel, is shot and killed at his mistress Virginia Hill’s home in Beverly Hills, California. Siegel had been talking to his associate Allen Smiley when three bullets were fired through the window and into his head, killing him instantly.

IRENA SENDLER: HEROINE OF THE HOLOCAUST

Irena Sendler, a Polish social worker and nurse who smuggled approximately 2,500 Jewish children out of Nazi-occupied Warsaw, passed away on this date in 2008.

THE BIRTH OF FRISBEES

64 years ago today, machines at the Wham-O toy company roll out the first batch of their aerodynamic plastic discs—now known to millions of fans all over the world as Frisbees.

101 YEARS AGO, DRINKING BECAME ILLEGAL

101 years ago today, after it was ratified a year earlier on 16 January 1919, prohibition officially goes into effect, with the passage of the Volstead Act (also known as National Prohibition Act).

CHIEF JOSEPH SURRENDERS

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce peoples surrenders to U.S. General Nelson A. Miles in the Bear Paw mountains of Montana, declaring “Hear me, my chiefs: My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”

SIOUX’S CRAZY HORSE IS KILLED

143 years ago today, one of the most notable and iconic of Native American warriors, Oglala Sioux leader Crazy Horse is fatally bayoneted by a U.S. soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson, Nebraska.

THE LAST NATIVE AMERICAN WARRIOR, GERONIMO, SURRENDERS

On this date in 1886, the last Native American warrior, Apache leader Geronimo, surrenders to U.S. government troops. For 30 years, the Native American warrior had battled to protect his tribe’s homeland; however, by 1886 the Apaches were exhausted and hopelessly outnumbered.

I HAVE A DREAM

On this date in 1963 Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered “I Have a Dream”, one of the best known speeches in U.S. history, second only to Lincoln’s 1863 “Gettysburg Address”.

I DON’T LIKE MONDAYS

In 1979, Brenda Ann Spencer (16) opened fire on Grover Cleveland Elementary School shooting eight children and three adults which ended up killing the school’s principal, Burton Wragg, and the caretaker, Mike Suchar. Spencer’s shooting became particularly notorious for inspiring Bob Geldof to write “I Don’t Like Mondays”.

WEAR A MASK OR GO TO JAIL

In an effort to curb the spread of Spanish Flu in 1918, some states in the US quarantined citizens; others made the wearing of face masks mandatory, at the same time as shutting down “all places of amusement”. According to a law passed in San Francisco in October of that year, on the day that state-wide infections passed 50,000, anyone seen not wearing a gauze face covering was subject to fines that ranged from $5 to $100 and the possibility of 10 days’ imprisonment.

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